A review of prostate cancer in Nigeria.
Prostate cancer is the most common malignancy in Nigerian men. In most men with prostate cancer, the disease grow very slowly and is only detected when it has become advanced. Most Nigerian men are prone to prostate cancer but the awareness is very poor and screening for the presence or absence of the disease is not common.
Prostate cancer is a leading cancer diagnosis and cause of cancer related deaths among men. It is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among Nigerian men with an estimated hospital prevalence of between 127 to 185.5 per 100,000 male admissions in the hospital.
A survey carried out in 1997 to find out the prevalence of prostate cancer in Lagos showed that 43 out of 341 men had prostate cancer.
Until large scale population studies are done in the country, the actual population prevalence will be difficult to estimate.
Prostate cancer awareness is very poor in Nigeria. This is despite the fact that it is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in the the country. Routine screening for prostate cancer is not a common practice. As a result, majority of patients come to the hospital when the disease is already advanced.
The cause of prostate cancer is unknown. However it has been associated with the following risk factors.
The symptoms are:
Screening helps men check for early signs of prostate cancer. It helps doctors look for cancer before you have symptoms or signs. When cancer is found earlier, it is often at an early stage. This means that there is a better chance of successfully treating the cancer. To screen for prostate cancer, a man needs a digital rectal examination (DRE) and a prostate specific antigen(PSA).
This depends on the stage of the disease. In early state prostate cancer, the entire prostate is removed in an operation called radical prostatectomy. Prostatectomy costs between N180,000 to N200,000 in Nigeria depending on the centre.
If the cancer is advanced or in a late stage, the following treatment modalities are available….
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This post was last modified on February 5, 2019 8:15 pm