An Intrauterine Contraceptive Device (IUCD) or IUD is a T-shaped device which is inserted into the uterus(womb) to prevent pregnancy. There are many types of IUCDs and they come in different shapes ans sizes.
The modern Intrauterine Devices (IUDs) have either copper or levonogestrel on their frame and are of varying shapes and sizes. The original IUCDs are obsolete as they were associated with heavy bleedingand severe dysmenorrhoea (e.g. Lippes loop and Saf-T coil) orr increased risk of pelvic inflammatory disease (Dalkron shield).
The copper IUDs are very effective and licensed to last 3-10 years.e.g.
The IUD works through the following mechanisms:
Your doctor or nurse will perform some vaginal examination to determine your uterus and the correct size of IUD to to use. The IUCD is then inserted using an introducer and the procedure usually takes 5 to 10minutes.
The IUD is best inserted towards the end of menstrual flow because it is at this time that you are unlikely to be pregnant, and the mouth of the womb, being softer and slightly open, makes insertion easier. An IUCD can also be inserted during the termination of pregnancy procedure.
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Copper IUD/IUCD is very affordable because the price is subsized by the federal government to encourage contraception among women. Copper IUD costs between N500- N1,500 naira in government hospitals and N2,000- N3,000 in private hospitals.
The Mirena IUD is preloaded with levonogestrel. It is also known as the Mirena IUS (intrauterine system). Mirena IUD cost about N22,000 naira. It is not readily available in most hospitals in Nigeria but you can get Mirena in established pharmacies in Lagos, Abuja or Benin-city. Mirena IUD and other forms of IUCD are also available in online shops like Jumia, Konga, Ajebo, Amazon etc.
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This post was last modified on February 15, 2019 11:01 pm