Common Eye Infections – Their Symptoms, Causes and Treatment.

How to detect/treat the common types

If youโ€™ve noticed pain, swelling, itching or redness in your eye, you likely have an eye infection

Hereโ€™s everything you need to know about common eye infections so you can figure out the CAUSE AND SOLUTION.

Eye infections fall into 3 specific categories based on their cause: viral, bacterial or fungal, and each is treated differently

5 common eye infections

1.Conjunctivities aka Apollo or pink eye
2.Keratitis
3.Blepharitis
4.Stye
5.Uveitis

1.Conjunctivitis;

It happens when blood vessels in the conjunctiva(the thin outermost membrane surrounding your eyeball) become infected by bacteria or a virus. As a result, your eyes become pink or red

Common eye infections
Conjunctivitis

SYMPTOMS
Red/pink eyes
Watery eyes
Itchiness
Sandy sensation

TREATMENT
Bacterial:Antibiotic eye drops, ointments, or oral medications

Viral:No treatment exists. Symptoms tend to fade after 7 to 10 days. Apply a clean, warm, wet cloth to your eyes to relieve discomfort

Allergic:Antihistamines/anti-inflammatory eye drops can also help with symptoms.

2.Keratitis

This occurs when your cornea gets infected. The cornea is the clear layer that covers your pupil and iris. It results from either an infection or an eye injury.

Keratitis

SYMPTOMS

Red/swollen eye
Eye pain/discomfort
Tears
Blurry vision
Light sensitivity
Sandy sensation

TREATMENT

depends on the cause

Bacterial:Antibacterial eye drop. Plus oral antibiotics for severe cases

Fungal:Antifungal eye drops

Viral:Thereโ€™s no way to eliminate a virus. Oral antiviral medications or eyedrops can help stop the infection in a few days up to a week.

3.Blepharitis;

This is an inflammation of your eyelids, the skin folds covering your eyes

SYMPTOMS
Red/swollen eye/eyelid
Sandy sensation
Sensitivity to light
Tears
Crust on eyelashes

TREATMENT

Antibiotics eye drop/OINTMENT.
Clean eyelids with warm water and towel.

Common eye infections
Blepharitis

4.STYE

This is a pimple-like bump that develops on the outer edges of your eyelid

SYMPTOMS
Pain
Itchiness/irritation
Swelling
Tears
Eyelid Crust

TREATMENT

Applying a clean,warm cloth to your eyelids for 20 minutes

Antibiotics eyedrop and pain relievers.

Common eye infections
Stye

5. Uveitis:

This happens when a part of the inner eye called the uvea is infected.

Common bacteria and viral  eye  infections
Uveitis

SYMPTOMS
Redness
Pain
Floaters
Sensitivity to light
Blurry vision

TREATMENT

Wearing sunshades, use of steroid & antibiotics drops

PS:

To treat itchy eyes, use an Antihistamine eyedrop. Most importantly, itchy eyes is usually caused by an allergen possible related to cold weather in ur case so as much as possible identify and eliminate it to prevent recurrence.

Pterygium(not an eye infection) is a kind of reddish/whitish growth protruding from d white part of d eye to the black. It can only be removed tru a surgical procedure, however, eyedrops can be used if it’s inflamed and to relieve other symptoms associated with it.

Eye Doctor

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