List of Nigerian carbohydrate foods & High Carbs foods in Nigeria.
This morning I’ll be writing on CARBOHYDRATES, the health benefits of carbohydrate diet, the common sources of carbohydrate in Nigeria and also a list of high carbs goods in Nigeria.
I know from our primary school we’ve all come across carbohydrate, today we will be revising and adding one or two things to what we know, let’s go.
Carbohydrates is the major source of energy in most human diets. More than 75% of energy is derived from carbohydrates,and according to our bio molecular knowledge it’s said to be the building blocks of life.
Carbohydrates contains hydrogen and oxygen in the ratio 2:1.
There are carbohydrates we call Available and Unavailable carbohydrates, what do we mean by these?;
Available carbohydrates:These are polysaccharides that are useful to man.They include Sugar,Starch,Dextrins and glycogen.
Unavailable carbohydrates:These are carbohydrates that the human body cannot convert to glucose or other monosaccharides and hence cannot be used in energy metabolism.
They include Pectins, Cellulose, Hemicellulose and Lignin.
Functions of Carbohydrates
1. It contains the major source of energy in man’s diet
2. It helps in the regulation of blood glucose
3. It spares the use of protein for energy
4. It breaks down fatty acids and prevents ketosis
5. It serves as flavor and sweetener
6. It helps build macromolecules
Sources of Carbohydrates
• Grains: Bread, Rice, Cereal and Cracker
• Legumes: Beans and other plant based protein
• Starchy vegetables: Potatoes and Corn
• Sugary Sweet: Soda, Candy, Cookies and other Desserts.
• Diary: Milk, Yoghurt and Ice cream
• Fruits: Whole fruit and Fruit juice
List of Nigerian carbohydrate foods
- Roasted and cooked plantain
- Boiled yam
- Roasted yam
- Fried yam
- Tuwo shinkafa
- Tuwo masara
- Boiled cocoyam
- Roasted cocoyam
- Cooked corn
- Roasted corn
- Pounded yam
- Poundo yam
- Egg roll
- Fish roll
- Indomie noodles
- plantain swallow
- All Nigerian swallows
- Kpokpo garri
- White rice
- Jollof rice
- Stew rice
- Ofada rice
- Roasted potatoes
- Fried potatoes
- guinea-corn (sorghum),
- All tubers
Eating a balanced diet is important for health, it means eating a wide variety of foods in the right amounts. One way to achieve this is to balance your plate – fill half with fruit/veg, a quarter with your protein source & a quarter with your carbohydrate source.
When it comes to your food, energy levels are mostly controlled by the amount of carbohydrate stores in the body.
Carbohydrates are like fuel in a gas tank for cars. You can’t go hard or far with no fuel!